The Princeton economist will serve as president-elect through 2023 and as president in 2024.
The Northwestern economics professor is tasked with driving greater use of behavioral science and experimental design across the agency’s programs.
Tong Liu, Lira Mota and Kerry Siani are among 9 recent hires by the business school.
The micro-economist has been a professorial research fellow at the university since 2017, and was previously a professor at Monash.
Seema Jayachandran takes up a professorship at Princeton after four years at Northwestern.
Ponomarev will join the University of Chicago on July 1 as an assistant professor.